What were the major beliefs and practices of the Sufis?


The following were the major beliefs and the practices of the Sufis:

1. Sufis were Muslim mystics and they rejected the outward religiosity.


2. The Sufis believed in union with God as a lover seeking his beloved.


3. They also believed that the heart could be trained to look at the world in a different way.


4. They rejected the elaborate rituals and codes of behavior demanded by Muslim religious scholars.


5. The Sufis developed various methods of raining using Zikr (chanting of a name or sacred formula), contemplation, singing and dancing.


6. The sufi masters held their assemblies in Khanqahs, there they discussed spiritual matters and sought the blessings of saints.


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