What was the Green Revolution? Mention two positive and two negative consequences of the Green Revolution.

Green revolution was introduced to bring revolution in weak agriculture of India, especially in food grains like wheat and rice through High yielding varieties of seed.

1. the government offered high-yielding variety seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and better irrigation at highly subsidised prices.

2. The government also gave a guarantee to buy the produce of the farmers at a given price.

Positive consequences:

1. in many parts, the stark contrast between the poor peasantry and the landlords produced conditions favourable for left wing organization to organize poor peasants.

2. green revolution also resulted in the rise of what is called the middle peasant sections. These were farmers with medium size holdings, who benefited from the changes and soon emerged politically influential in many parts of the country.

Negative Consequences:

1. Some regions like Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh became agriculturally prosperous, while others remained backward.

2. The revolution delivered only a moderate agricultural growth, brought distinction in region and classes. This brought a sharp contrast between farmers and landlords .

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State the main arguments in the debate that ensued between industrialisation and agricultural development at the time of the second Five Year Plan.

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